History at a glance

Main Content

1830

Horse-racing track opened at Tempelhof Field

1861

Construction of a garrison cemetery next to the burial ground for casualties of the 1813-1815 Napoleonic Wars.

1866

Construction of a Turkish cemetery, following the relocation of an earlier 1798 Turkish burial ground

1870-1872

Military hospital installed at Tempelhof Field for soldiers wounded in the Franco-German war of 1870/71

1871

(June) Victory parade on Tempelhof Field after winning the Franco-German war

1874

Beginning in 1874, construction of barracks and other military facilities on the edge of Tempelhof Field

1882

A “three emperor parade” is staged for Wilhelm I, Russia's Alexander II and Austria's Franz Joseph

1884

The Prussian army's “balloon detachment” is formed, and stationed in Schöneberg at Tempelhof Field

1888

BFC Germania 1888, the oldest still-existing football club in Germany, is established; Tempelhof field is used as a training ground, and in the course of time serves as a training facility for up to 37 football clubs

1893

First scientific mission of the “Humboldt” balloon, ascending from Tempelhof Field in Schöneberg

1894-1897

Construction of barracks for the Queen Augusta Guards Grenadier Regiment No. 4 on Friesenstraße

1895-1897

Construction of barracks for the Guard Cuirassier Regiment on what was then Prince-August-von-Württemberg-Straße

1896

Construction of the military detention centre, the later Columbia-Haus

1897

(12 June) Hermann Wölfert's motorized balloon crashes over Tempelhof Field

(3 November) First ascent of David Schwarz's aluminium balloon from Tempelhof Field; stranded in Schöneberg


Marginal Content

Picture credit: Sven Dörfel

Tours of the airport building and the emerging park landscape

Are you interested in taking part in a tour of the building and the park? Click here for further information.